• Shukurani Mgaya Department of Management studies, Tanzania Institute of Accountancy, Tanzania
  • Josephat Itika Department of Public Service and Human Resource Management, Mzumbe University, Tanzania
  • Ndikumana. D Emmanuel Department of Public Service and Human Resources Management, Mzumbe University, Tanzania




Competencies, Labour market, Employability and Vocational Education and Training, Civil Construction


The paper assessed the extent to which the training and learning process of civil artisans under vocational education and training meets civil construction employers’ demanded competencies. Data were collected from trainers, learners, employees and employers through semi-structured interviews and structured questionnaires. A qualitative exploratory approach was deployed by using MAXQDA2020 software. Content analysis was used to analyze documents and interview transcripts. The article concludes that at least the hard competencies required for carpenters and masons were well covered by the curriculum and appreciated by employers although, outdated curriculum, inadequate teaching and learning resources, and exposure to practical work have a significant role to play and affect the employability of graduates.  Despite, soft competencies including honesty, hard work, professionalism, and discipline were seen to be very important although there was no evidence that they were well imparted. Therefore it was suggested to collaborate with employers in imparting soft competencies.



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2023-07-23 — Updated on 2023-09-03


How to Cite

Mgaya, S., Itika, J. ., & D Emmanuel, N. . (2023). - COMPETENCIES FOR EMPLOYABILITY IN THE CIVIL CONSTRUCTION SECTOR: THE CASE OF CIVIL ARTISANS IN TANZANIA. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCES AND BUSINESS (INJOSS), 2(3), 316–336. https://doi.org/10.54443/injoss.v2i3.57 (Original work published July 23, 2023)